Kosmos

我以兴趣为饵,钓起生活的大鱼

目录
linux下/srv、/var和/tmp的职责区分
/  

linux下/srv、/var和/tmp的职责区分

(记录备忘)关于linux下/srv、/var和/tmp的职责区分 (转载自这儿)

/srv :主要用来存储本机或本服务器提供的服务或数据。(用户主动生产的数据、对外提供服务)

/srv contains site-specific data which is served by this system.

/var :系统产生的不可自动销毁的缓存文件、日志记录。(系统和程序运行后产生的数据、不对外提供服务、只能用户手动清理)(包括mail、数据库文件、日志文件)

/var contains variable data files. This includes spool directories and files, administrative and logging data, and transient and temporary files.
Some portions of /var are not shareable between different systems. For instance, /var/log, /var/lock, and /var/run. Other portions may be shared, notably /var/mail, /var/cache/man, /var/cache/fonts, and /var/spool/news.
/var is specified here in order to make it possible to mount /usr read-only. Everything that once went into /usr that is written to during system operation (as opposed to installation and software maintenance) must be in /var.
If /var cannot be made a separate partition, it is often preferable to move /var out of the root partition and into the /usr partition. (This is sometimes done to reduce the size of the root partition or when space runs low in the root partition.) However, /var must not be linked to /usr because this makes separation of /usr and /var more difficult and is likely to create a naming conflict. Instead, link /var to /usr/var.
Applications must generally not add directories to the top level of /var. Such directories should only be added if they have some system-wide implication, and in consultation with the FHS mailing list.

/tmp :保存在使用完毕后可随时销毁的缓存文件。(有可能是由系统或程序产生、也有可能是用户主动放入的临时数据、系统会自动清理)

The /tmp directory must be made available for programs that require temporary files.
Programs must not assume that any files or directories in /tmp are preserved between invocations of the program.


所以,服务器被用作Web开发时,html文件更应该被放在/srv/www下,而不是/var/www下(因为/srv目录是新标准中才有的,出现较晚;而且Apache将/var/www设为了web默认目录,所以现在绝大多数人都把web文件放在/var/www,这是个历史遗留问题)。

如ftp、流媒体服务等也应该被放在/srv对应的目录下。如果对应目录太大,应该另外挂载分区。


今日诗词 标题:linux下/srv、/var和/tmp的职责区分
作者:ellenbboe
地址:https://zdone.top/articles/2018/08/12/1561009681482.html

评论